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Welcome to Dr. William (Bill) Smart’s Homepage

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Who is Bill?

Even though I am now officially Dr. W.J. Smart PhD, GradCertHE(L&T), BAppSC(Hons),
it’s just a little bit formal for my liking...

Feel free to call me Bill!

Currently I am working as a lecturer in Information Technology for the School of Business and Tourism at Southern Cross University. I have been located at Southern Cross University for over 20 years now, in many capacities; undergraduate, honours and postgraduate student, general staff, casual academic, associate lecturer and now as a full-time lecturer.

A bit about me....

I was born in Calgary, Alberta, Canada many, many years ago (as far as I know the only computer that pre-dates me is the UNIVAC). Soon after leaving high school I joined the Alberta Government Telephone company(now Telus) and became a Communications Electrician. Having travelled far and wide through the United States, Mexico and Canada during my work holidays, I caught the travel bug. In 1982 I resigned from the phone company, packed my bags for a 2-year adventure and boarded a plane to Sydney, Australia as the first leg of a round-the-world journey. I fell in love with the country (and the city) and after several short-term unskilled jobs found good employment with Telecom Australia (now Telstra ). In 1983 I was granted permanent resident status in Australia and I took this opportunity (knowing I could return) to continue the adventure I had started and spent the rest of the year travelling around the world. I visited 41 countries in this time and ended the journey back in my home town of Calgary. It was snowing, it was cold, I was broke and what the hell was I doing there when I could have been on the beach in Oz?

In 1984, after working long enough to travel back to Oz, I packaged all my worldly possessions into a 4’x3’x3’ box to be shipped to Australia and boarded a plane to Cairns . I spent several months travelling back to Sydney, where I found that I was still welcome to return to my previous job at Telecom. As well in this year I met and then in 1985 married Christine (from Coffs Harbour) my lovely wife. Over the next few years several momentous events occurred - many promotions at Telecom (up to Senior Technical Officer Grade 2), I became a citizen of Australia (1986), and my son was born (Zachariah 1990). In 1992 Telecom offered voluntary redundancies to staff throughout the company due to the widespread use (and simpler maintenance) of microprocessor controlled telephone systems. As I had been by this stage dabbling in computer technology and now had a young family, we decided that a move to a rural location near a university where we could raise our son and I could enrol in a degree in computing would be the best plan for us. So we purchased a property (51 acres) a half an hours drive from the Lismore campus of Southern Cross University and over the next two years I built our home really I did almost all the work - construction, wiring, plumbing, plastering and painting).

In 1994, I began my new career by enrolling in the Bachelor of Applied Science (Information Systems) at Southern Cross University. At that time I did not suspect it would lead to a career in academia itself. Contained on the other pages of this site are the details of my journey in academia and the details of my time at Southern Cross University. Currently my appointment to the university is at the Gold Coast Campus of the University. We sold the house and land near Lismore (having lived there 20 years), and purchased new home in Bilambil Heights, a suburb of Tweed Heads. We now live much closer to the beach (10 mins), at the top of a hill with a wonderful view from the Pacific, over looking the Terranora Broadwater to Mount Warning. How wonderful to live in paradise!

Maple Leaf and Southern Cross

Just a note on citizenship, I love both countries Canada and Australia and have dual passports. I often refer to myself as a Canadian or as an Australian dependant on the circumstances (the Olympics are great - I get to cheer for two teams). I consider myself to be both. I believe the people in both countries to be the best in the world - two better places to live I could not imagine. However, I prefer the summer to the winter and that is why I live where I do!


Bill is the Unit Assessor for:

ISY10209 Web Development I

Unit Aims: This unit aims to introduce students to the process of website development for intranet, internet and extranet. Through analysis of a concept, design, and specification of logic and functionality the student will develop working prototypes for online delivery, i nclusive of project-based learning. Students will be introduced to the re-use of media resources and program code, applying common structures and integrating multimedia elements (text, graphics, audio, animation). Accessibility, copyright, privacy, ethical and cultural issues related to website development will be reviewed and implemented.

After successful completion of this unit students will be able to:

  1. Identify the essential processes of web development
  2. Interpret and apply a web mark-up language.
  3. Apply written communication skills to a website.
  4. Explain and interpret ethical, legal and societal issues related to web development
  5. Demonstrate the ability to plan and develop efficient and usable websites.

This unit runs in session 1 and 3.

CSC10217 Web Development II

Unit Aims:Introduces students to programming and scripting languages used on the Internet to rapidly develop applications, customise and automate existing Internet objects, and develop system software for Internet server applications. Students will design and construct server side applications in multiple languages. This unit assumes knowledge of HTML design and implementation.

After successful completion of this unit students will be able to:

  1. Solve problems by using web-based scripting.
  2. Apply professional scripting methodology and techniques
  3. Construct and integrate* client and server web-based components
  4. Compare and contrast scripting technologies for web applications.
  5. Demonstrate the ability to design and construct a complete database driven website.

This unit runs in session 2.

MNG93211 Managing Information Systems (Postgraduate)

Unit Aims: Provides a managerial approach to the use of information and information systems in organisations. Students are introduced to the use of information and information systems as a means of achieving competitive advantage and for improving efficiency and effectiveness in business processes and managerial decision-making. Students learn to manage information as one of the key resources of an organisation by planning, developing, implementing and evaluating information systems from a managerial perspective, taking into account social, ethical and global factors.

On completion of this unit, students should:

  1. Explain the alignment between information strategies and business strategies of their organisations to achieve sustainable competitive advantage
  2. Understand the role of information systems in supporting operations and decision making in the organisation.
  3. Analyse trends, developments and critical issues of information systems
  4. discuss security, ethical and global implications of information systems
  5. Plan, develop, and implement information systems from a managerial perspective to improve the performance of their organisations.

This unit runs in Study Period 2 (SCU online)

Bill’s Teaching Style:

I have been involved with teaching for many years now. My first formal training in education was the “Methods of Instruction” course offered in-house with Telecom Australia. I undertook this course in 1987. The knowledge gained from this course allowed me to teach apprentice telecommunications technicians the installation and maintenance of microprocessor driven communications equipment. I enjoyed the role of the educator immensely. However, in 1992 I accepted redundancy and thought my teaching career had ended.

In 1998 I graduated from Southern Cross University with a Bachelor of Applied Science (Hons) in Computing. During my Honours year I was granted the opportunity to tutor several subjects for the School of Multimedia and Information Technology (now part of the School of Commerce and Management). Once again I found myself in the role of an educator, at the time I was probably a bit overwhelmed with the role, due largely to my lack of experience and training in tertiary education.

In 1999 the Head of School invited me to lecture Programming Languages; a capstone unit offered by the school, I nervously accepted this role. By the end of the unit I was confident in my ability as a lecturer. Since this time I have undertaken not only lecturing/tutoring units for the school but serving as the setting the assessments, curriculum of units and of the degree (Bachelor of Information Technology and Bachelor of Applied Computing), authoring study guides and designing complete units for the school.

The most important method used in all of my teaching (regardless of mode) is “constructive alignment” where all parts of the teaching; the teaching mode, climate, curriculum and assessment are aligned in a student-centred manner. This greatly enhances the learning outcomes of the students1.

The teaching/learning climate I try to set in all teaching modes, (distance, face-to-face and overseas) is a theory Y climate of teaching where, by placing trust in the students and giving them freedom within the scope of the unit, they will perform to the best of their ability2.

Intuitively, I have been using in my teaching approach the characteristics of an “effective university teacher” according to Ramsden3. I have over the last decade enjoyed great feedback from students, where the qualities listed by Ramsden, have been listed by students as the best aspects of my teaching. This type of feedback has strengthened my belief that I am a level 3 type teacher4 where my focus is on what the student does, and how best to support the student in their learning. As I am a lifelong learner, I wish to treat my students as I would wish to be treated myself.

In 2004 I received a scholarship from Southern Cross University’s Division of Arts, to undertake the newly created Graduate Certificate in Higher Education (Learning and Teaching). Taking this certificate was an enjoyable experience, one that I would recommend that all lecturers/tutors in a university environment undertake. I feel that I am more firmly grounded in my knowledge of the process of education and am proud to have been the first graduand of this degree ant Southern Cross University.

In 2008 after the submission of my PhD I again took on the role of educator and continue to strive to be an effective university lecturer. It is my belief that I have demonstrated this is the case. Feedback from students has been excellent in all units I have been involved in (regardless of the role I have undertaken - lecturer/tutor/assessor). In addition to the feedback from my students, I have been recognised by my colleagues and the university as a whole for my successful approach to teaching. Over the last decade, I have been involved with many of the projects, presentations and symposiums offered by the Centre for Teaching and Learning. I view the opportunities presented by the Centre to be fundamental to my scholarship of teaching.

Following are some examples of my association with the Centre:

  • Attendance or Presenter at most years “Festival of Teaching” more recently entitled “Scholarship of Teaching Symposium”;
  • 2009/2010 – “Converged Delivery Project”;
  • 2010 – contributions to the “First Year @SCU Project”;
  • 2011 – contributions to the “Excellence in Assessment Project”;
  • 2012 – Awarded Vice Chancellor’s Citation “For sustained provision of teaching practices including innovative and flexible web-based learning resources that inspire and motivate students from diverse backgrounds in introductory Web Development.”;
  • 2013 – contributions to the “Student Centred Systems Workshops”;
  • 2015 – appearance in the YouTube videos “Active Learning” and “Lifelong learning” developed by the Centre for Teaching and Learning;
  • 2015 – contribution to the “Peer Review for Online and Blended Teaching Project”

  1. Biggs J.B., 2003, “Teaching for Quality Learning at University Buckingham”, Society for Research into Higher Education and Open University Press p.25
  2. Biggs J.B., 2003, “Teaching for Quality Learning at University Buckingham”, Society for Research into Higher Education and Open University Press p.64
  3. Ramsden P., 1992, “Learning to teach in higher education”, London & New York: Routledge.
  4. Biggs J.B., 2003, “Teaching for Quality Learning at University Buckingham”, Society for Research into Higher Education and Open University Press p.24

Bill’s Areas of Research:

Location Based Services Research

Currently I am co-supervising a PhD student (Michael Bryant) undertaking research into the The multi-dimensionality of trust and user acceptance of Location Based Services (LBS) Apps used on ICT mobile devices. The overarching research problem is determining the influence of cognitive, affective and behavioural trust dimensions have on user acceptance of LBS Apps across a variety of ICT mobile devices.

Michaels work continues on (in an expanded format) from his Honours thesis "Information Systems Applications: User Acceptance, Trust and Value of Weather Apps on Smartphones".

Papers authored from this research

Bryant, M., Smart, W. and Wilde, S., (2017) "Exploring Trust in the Mobile World", Proceedings of the International Conference on Science, Technology, Engineering and Management (ICSTEM), Pending publication...

Bryant M., Wilde S. and Smart W., (2017) “Taking the weather with you: User Acceptance, Trust and Value of Weather Apps on Smartphones", International Journal of Social and Humanistic Computing, Pending publication...

Bryant, M., Smart, W. and Wilde, S., (2016) "Swipe Right with a Chance of Rain: Weather App Usage on Smartphones", Advances in Business-Related Scientific Research Journal, Vol. 7, No. 2. available online at www.absrc.org/publications/absrj-2016-volume-7-number-2-6/.

Bryant M., Smart W. and Wilde, S., (2015) “Consumer Influences into weather Apps usage on smartphones: Key Highlights” Proceedings of the Advances in Business-Related Scientific Research, Milan, Italy Best Paper Award ABSRC-2015 Milan

Bryant M., Wilde S. and Smart W., (2015) “User Acceptance and Adoption of Weather Apps on Smartphones: Exploratory Findings”, WEI Business and Economics Academic Conference, Vienna, Austria, pp. 114–118.

Acceptance and Usage of Personal Carbon Accounting System (NICHE project)

Currently I am co-supervising a PhD students (Alex Hendry) research into the acceptance and usage of a personal carbon accounting system. This is part of a larger project The Norfolk Island Carbon / Health Evaluation (NICHE)trial.

"The Norfolk Island Carbon/Health Evaluation trial is a world first study testing the theory that if you reduce your individual carbon footprint you can improve your health. The study offers a potential solution to deal with 2 of the world's biggest problems, the growing obesity epidemic and increasing carbon pollution."

The research into this project has already allowed Alex to complete his Masters degree, by authoring the Carbon Accounting system for the project and researching user intensions toward the system. Currently he is working on his PhD using the research from his Masters, and expanding upon it by looking at the users actual usage of the system and impact upon the users.

Alex's Masters thesis is downloadable and is titled: "Factors affecting the intention to use a personal carbon trading system"

Papers authored from this research

Hendry A., Armstrong B., Eggar G., Webb G and Smart W., (2016) “Gender Differences in Intentions to use a Personal Carbon Trading System”, The International Technology Management Review, Vol 6, No.2 pp. 37-49.

Hendry A., Web G., Wilson A., Armstrong A., Smart W., and Egger G., (2015) " Influences on intentions to use a personal carbon trading system (NICHE - The Norfolk Island Carbon Health Evaluation Project)", The International Technology Management Review, Vol 5 No. 2, pp. 105-116.

Hendry, A., Armstrong, B., Smart, W., Webb, G. and Egger, G., (2013) "Influences on Attitudes to a Personal Carbon Trading System ", Proceedings of the 24th Australian Conference on Information Systems, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia.

Anonymous Credentials in PCEHR

Currently I am co-supervising a PhD student (George Coles) undertaking research into the new Australian Governments personally controlled e-health records (PCEHR). He is investigating the privacy concerns (policy) and methods of encryption (technical privacy) that will become the standard of these records. In particular, he has posited that the introduction of anonymous credentials would improve the uptake and usage of the PCEHR system. The research will shortly be completed. George is currently writing up his thesis.

Papers authored from this research

Coles G., and Smart W., (2013)"Pseudonymity And Anonymity In Identity Management: Can Anonymous Credentials Enhance User Participation In Electronic Health Records", Proceedings of the 52nd Clute Institute International Academic Conference, Littleton Colorado USA, pp.777-786.

Coles G., Smart W. and Armstrong B., (2013) "Enhancing Participation in Personally Controlled Electronic Health Records", The International Technology Management Review, Vol 3 No. 4, pp. 237-250.


National Broadband Network for the Mid and North Coast Region of NSW

Broadband enabling
Health, Education, Business
and the Environment

About the NBN and the Mid and North Coast Region of NSW

Southern Cross University lead a collaborative initiative to support the roll-out of high speed broadband to our region the Mid North and North Coasts of NSW. This region included the local government areas from the Great Lakes to Tweed with a total population of 541,320 (Estimated Resident Population at June 2008). Partners in this collaboration included Southern Cross University, all local councils, the Federal Member of Parliament for Page, Regional Development Australia (RDA) Mid North Coast, Northern Organisation Region of Councils (NOROC) and several large local Businesses.

I was a member of the steering committee of the National Broadband Network for the Mid North and North Coast of NSW, and assisted the project leader. I undertook research into the existing broadband network available throughout the region and assisted in the authoring of the projects submission to the Federal Government “The benefits of early adoption for the National Broadband Network spanning Australia’s Eastern Regional Corridor”.

Papers on the NBN

Smart W., Coles G., (2011) “Bring on the Broadband: A Case for Regional Centres in Australasia”,IBS Journal of Business and Research, PNG, Vol. 2 pp.13-27.

Smart W., (2012) “Bring on the Broadband - Regional Australia”, Australian Quarterly, Vol. 83, No. 4, pp. 4-10.

Education Research

The first paper I ever presented to a education conference occurred during my undergraduate degree. As part of my computing project (3rd year unit) I assisted the “Graduate Research College” (now the Division of Research) develop the National Graduate Research Database (NGRDB). The on-line database was designed for Masters and PhD. students to share information of their research. Five universities eventually joined the database; however, the database failed to gain the funding required to maintain it. The National Graduate Research Database was closed in 1999. This paper is listed below

In May 2004, I received a scholarship from the Division of Arts to study the Graduate Certificate of Higher Education (Learning & Teaching). As a requirement of the unit “The Scholarship of Teaching in Higher Education” I was required to target a conference or journal, for submission of a scholarly work. This paper is also listed below

Since I became Southern Cross University's first graduand of the Graduate Certificate of Higher Education (Learning & Teaching), I have remained interested in the scholarship of teaching and continue to author papers in this domain.

Papers authored on Education

Mason R., Smart W. and Seaton C., (2017) "Using Cognitive Load Theory and student feedback to inform iterative development of unit materials" Currently being written - data collection underway ...

Smart W. and Coles G., (2013) "Converged Delivery and Beyond....", The International Technology Management Review, Vol 3 No. 4, pp. 219-229.

Smart, W.J., (2005) “Distance Education A Proactive Approach”, Proceedings of the 5th Annual Online Distance Learning (ODL) Conference, Brisbane, Queensland.

Smart, W.J., Hunt, A. and Baverstock, P.R., (1997) “National Graduate Research Database”,Proceedings of the 13th Annual Conference of Open and Distance Learning Association of Australia (ODLAA), Launceston, Tasmania.

Honours Research

About Honours Research

Before a student can enrol in Higher Degree Research (HDR) they must either undertake an Honours Degree or a Masters Degree. It has been my pleasure to supervise several Honours' students. I myself undertook an Honours degree and list my own thesis below as well.

Michael Bryant BInfTech(Hons) - 1st class:
  » Bryant M., (2014) " Information Systems Applications: User Acceptance, Trust and Value of Weather Apps on Smartphones" Honours Thesis, Southern Cross University, Gold Coast, Australia.
Michael has several publications associated with his thesis.
Find them located under the "Location Based Services Research" heading on this page....

Phillip Aouad BInfTech(Hons) - 2nd class:
  » Aouad P., (2013) " The Effect of Bleach* Festival Facebook IT Features on Trust", Honour Thesis, Southern Cross University, Gold Coast, Australia.

Sharon Kendell BInfTech(Hons) - 2nd class:
  » Kendell S. (2012) " The Effectiveness of Look-Ahead Breadcrumbs for Primary Website Navigation" Honours Thesis, Southern Cross University, Gold Coast, Australia.
  » Smart W., Bryant M. and Kendell S. (2017) "The Effectiveness of Look-Ahead Breadcrumbs for Primary Website Navigation" currently being written...

George Coles BInfTech(Hons) - 1st class:
  » Coles G., (2010) " The Effects of Website Design on Consumer Trust in E-Commerce ", Honours Thesis, Southern Cross University, Lismore, Australia.
  » Coles, G., and Smart, W.J., (2011) “ Building trust in online customers”, Proceedings of the 12th ACIS International Conference on Software Engineering, Sydney, NSW,pp. 93-100.

William Smart BAppSci(Computing) with Honours - 2nd class:
  » Smart W., (1998) “ The Effects of Web Site Structure on the Users’ Perceptions of Navigatability”, Honours Thesis, Southern Cross University, Lismore, Australia.

Hopefully many more to come ......

CO2 Calculator (My PhD Research)

About the CO2 Calculator

The CO2 Calculator, was designed as part of my PhD. The application provides users with information on income that could be derived from conversion of land to a carbon sink by planting appropriate tree species and forgoing other uses of the land for traditionally accepted agricultural purposes. The major premise underlying its development being that users will be seeking information related to the trading of carbon credits and other income possibilities related to development of land as forest.

The CO2 Calculator, was originally designed to comply with the NSW government’s Greenhouse Gas Office, the issuing body of NSW Greenhouse gas Abatement Certificates (NGACs). At the time the NSW government introduced the scheme, the Coalition federal government of Australia refused to sign on to the Kyoto protocol. The change of government at the 2007 election changed this, on December 3rd 2007 Prime Minister Kevin Rudd ratified the Kyoto protocol as one of the first acts of the Labour government.

Visit the CO2 Calculator,

Papers on the CO2 Calculator

Smart W (2009) “ Information System Success: Evaluation of a Carbon Accounting and Sequestration System”, PhD Thesis, Southern Cross University, Lismore, Australia.

Smart W., Armstrong B. and Vanclay J., (2007) “ User Satisfaction: An Evaluation of a Carbon Credit Information System ”, Proceedings of the 18th Australasian Conference on Information Systems, Toowoomba, Queensland, pp.1110-1119. - Winner - First Prize - ACS Environmental Sustainability in ICT.

Bill’s Working History

July 2008 to Present - Lecturer (Full-time), School of Business and Tourism / Southern Cross Business School / School of Commerce and Management, Southern Cross University - authoring, lecturing & tutoring in the following subjects:

  • ISY10209 - Web Development I
  • CSC10217 - Web Development II
  • ISY10621-4 - ICT Internship I-IV
  • ISY10056 - Intelligent Decision Systems
  • ACC00222 - Computer Control, Audit and Security
  • ISY00740 - E-Business for Managers
  • MNG33211 - Managing Information Systems
  • MNG93211 - Managing Information Systems (SCU Online)

2005 to 2008 - Casual Academic (Part-time), School of Commerce and Management / School of Multimedia and Information Technology, Southern Cross University, lecturing & tutoring in the following subjects:

  • CSC10216 - Object Oriented GUI Development
  • CSC10059 - Internet Programming and Scripting
  • ISY10209 - Web Development I
  • CSC00238 - Interface Design and Evaluation
  • CSC10217 - Web Development II
  • ISY10218 - Database Systems II

2001 to 2004 - Associate Lecturer (Full-time), School of Multimedia and Information Technology, Southern Cross University, authoring, lecturing & tutoring in the following subjects:

  • CSC00245 - Principals of Programming
  • ISY00246 - Client Server Systems
  • CSC10059 - Internet Programming and Scripting
  • CSC03039 - Web Engineering
  • CSC00238 - Interface Design and Evaluation
  • CSC00217 - Programming Languages
  • CSC10217 - Web Development II

1999 to Present - Owner, Operator P&B Software Development ABN: 36792612306

1999 to 2001 - Casual Academic (Part-time), School of Multimedia and Information Technology, Southern Cross University, lecturing and tutoring in the following subjects:

  • CSC00217 - Programming Languages
  • CSC00239 - Object Oriented Programming
  • ISY00246 - Client/Server Systems
Tutoring only in:
  • CSC00235 - Applications Development
  • CSC00245 - Principals of Programming
  • CSC00234 - Computer Systems and Architecture
  • CSC00237 - Decision Support Systems

1999 - Consultant Nornet (Internet Service Provider)

1999 - Consultant (Electronic Media) Printery, Southern Cross University

1998 to 1999 - Computer Systems Manager (Sys.Op.) Nornet (Internet Service Provider)

1998 - Technical and Training Officer Nornet (Internet Service Provider)

1997 - Casual Academic (Part-time), School of Multimedia and Information Technology, Southern Cross University, tutoring CSC00239 - Object Oriented Programming

1996 to 1999 - Consultant for National Graduate Research Database (Part-time), Graduate Research College, Southern Cross University

1994 to 1996 - Technician (Part-time), Lismore Communications

1992 to 1994 - Owner/Builder - designed and constructed own four-bedroom home

1984 to 1992 - Technician, Technical Officer Grade 1, Technical Officer Grade 2, Senior Technical Officer Grade 2 - Telecom Australia, Sydney Metropolitan Area, Telecom Business Services

1984 - Technician, Fox Communications Ltd., Calgary, Alberta, Canada

1982 to 1983 - Acting Technician, Telecom Australia, North Sydney Area

1976 to 1981 - Repair Serviceman, Alberta Government Telephones, Canada

Bill’s Educational History

April 2009 - Doctor of Philosophy (Southern Cross University), thesis titled:
Information System Success: Evaluation of a Carbon Accounting and Sequestration System”.

September 2005 - Graduate Certificate in Higher Education (Learning & Teaching), Southern Cross University.

May 1998 - Bachelor of Applied Science (Computing) with Honours (Southern Cross University), thesis titled:
The Effects of Web Site Structure on the Users’ Perceptions of Navigatability”.

March 1997 - Bachelor of Applied Science (Computing) Southern Cross University.

January 1989 - Certificate of Qualification (Technical Officer) Telecom Australia.

July 1983 - Tradesman Certificate UL001853 (Telegraph Mechanic) Commonwealth of Australia.

June 1981 - Certificate of Completion of Apprenticeship (Communication Electrician), Southern Alberta Institute of Technology Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

June 1981 - Certificate of Qualification (Communication Electrician), Southern Alberta Institute of Technology Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

August 1976 - Senior High School Diploma (Senior Matriculation), Forest Lawn High School, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

War Gaming

I used to love computer games (how else do you end up in IT) but in recent years (due to the time I spend on computers) I have become an avid desktop war gamer. Building, painting and battling with my many armies. I attends many tournaments throughout the year in several gaming systems. The gaming systems I plays are:

Warhammer 40K - A futuristic gaming system set in the 40th century. With my Black Templars, Ultramarines, Chaos Marines, Chaos Deamons, Tyranids, Eldar, Necrons and Astra Militaruim armies.
Flames of War - A gaming system based on World War II using, my Canadian, German and Soviet armies. In this system I like playing mostly mid and late war armour units, although I can field full rife divisions as well.
Warhammer Age of Sigmar I have a Seraphon army (previously called Lizardmen). This is a new gaming system that is a result of gamesworkshop rewriting the rules of the previous incarnation called Warhammer Fantasy.I am still not to sure I like the rules in this gaming system.
Team Yankee is a new system launched in 2016 based on a fiction European invasion by Soviets in the early 1980's. I have just purchased the rules a soviet starter kit, extra T72 tanks, BMP-2's, Anti-air heat seeking missles, Frogbat fighter bombers and self propelled artillery (Why do I keep buying models - Arrghh!) for this system.

Home DYI

Ahh the list of stuff to complete around the new house is very, very looong!
What i have completed so far is:

  • Replaced all incandescent lights in house with energy effient/LED bulbs (over $650 worth)
  • Had shower screen installed in main bathroom (formally a wet area)
  • Replaced broken row of tiles and installed towel rack main bathroom
  • Replaced all taps, shower head (switchable to hand held also installed) main bathroom
  • Replaced all taps (sink & shower), sink spout in ensuite bathroom
  • Removed and replaced two Windmaster roof vents
  • Installed wireless doorbell
  • Oiled faded front door and exterior entranceway
  • Had TV antenna replaced - removal of 4M pole that was inplace on roof
  • Ran antenna to power amp and splitter, wired to living room and living area downstairs
  • Ran ethernet network to to living room and living area downstairs
  • Downstairs living area
    • Had 6M wall replaced (water damage) - studs and gyprock
    • Had additional power point installed in repaired wall
    • Removed poorly install shelfs (3 sets) and workbench
    • Completed gyprock repairs and painted walls (was yellow and green - uggg - now white)
    • Designed, had built and installed flyscreens on windows
    • Installed venetian blinds on two 2M X 1M south facing windows
    • Repaired sliding glass flyscreen doors - new rollers, repairs to metal and full replacement of flyscreen
    • Installed new drapes on sliding glass windows (removing poorly installed mickey mouse set up that was there)
  • Built a bathroom in downstairs living area
    • Rebuilt walls and ceiling - the 1.7M X 1.8M room was a storge cupboard originally
    • Gyprocked walls and ceiling
    • Painted walls and ceiling
    • Tiled floor
    • Installed toliet
    • Installed sink (stainless steel galley sink not a hand basin)
    • Built storage (varnished pine) under sink (L 1.7M X H 1M X W 450mm)
    • Built wood shelfs (varnished pine) over storage
    • All electrics (power point & light)
  • Under house storage
    • Gyprocked 1 6M wall (not painted or finished - it's a work area)
    • Built 2 workbenches
    • Built wargamming tabletop holder (4'X 6' tabletops)
    • Built wood storage holder
    • organised storage of tools, materials, etc.
    • All electrics replaced - 3 X fluorescent lights instead of bulbs - 2 powerpoints
  • Rebuilt kitchen drawers - were particle board mess - now they are solid wood with stainless steel ball bearing sliders. This job seemed to take forever as it was so fiddly. Needed a router, dropsaw in addition to my normal tools.
  • Garage
    • Pressure washed brick walls, roller door, concrete floor (pebbled), cleaned drainage - don't think this had ever been done before
    • Door frame repaired
    • Door and door lock replaced (not the roller door - thank heavens!
    • Installed a workbench - can't have too many
    • Removed poorly installed shelfing
    • Installed free standing shelfing
    • Added powerpoint on workbench via earth-leak unit
    • Installed wood beams to brick wall for hanging tools
  • Veranda Roof. The ultimate plan is to completley replace the veranda (it is a first floor veranda) make it wider by 1/1.5 meters and fully roof it (in about 5 years when we can afford it). However, the existing partial veranda roof was in poor condition, it was a 1.5M X 3M under gutter add-on over the sliding glass doors off the living room and kitchen and was badly leaking and generally grotty looking. I decided to repair it so it would do us until the time we replace the entire veranda.
    • Removing the entire roof (and basically chucked all of it away)
    • Source of the leaking discovered - the gutter above the roof was entirely rusted out, all of it had to be replaced. 5 meters of gutter replaced, rehung and painted.
    • Barge board repaired, wood puttied, repainted,
    • Outside Bearer painted and installed (thankgod the 4X4 uprights were good) using 120mm bolts and 120mm coach bolts
    • Six rafters, three roofing battons painted and installed still as under gutter (but with an airgap to prevent rusting) but fixed with triple grips, 40mm and 50mm screws (and having a drop over 2.4 meters of 60mm to quickley drain the rain)
    • Three colourbond 2.4 meter sheets and a solar guard clear sheet installed (using nearly 100 roofing screws)
    • Still had a bit of a concern with the edge of roof lifting (south facing edge - where all the storms come from) in high wind. So I used wire rope and turnbuckles to tie ends of rafters to the 4X4 upright to prevent this
  • Sliding glass and Security doors to veranda serviced, replace one triple lock (broken), all new rollers (glass and security), new flyscreens, deadbolts installed, felt removed and anti-rattle clips installed.
  • Windows in craft room serviced, new felts, rollers installed and adjusted (no more whistling from this window Yeah!)
The next two jobs are (in order of importance):
  1. In 2017 the coast of Queensland / Northern NSW were hit with cyclone Debbie, her gift to me was collapsing the retsaining wall in my back yard. Of course I checked with my insurance company, whom informed me retaining walls are not covered. I would look at getting this job done, but as there is no access to the rear of our home (only a 1.5M walk way) I presume I am going to have to do it. Not looking forward to it since all will have to be done hand (and carried in by hand). Before I do anything I have layers of concrete that need to be removed (I will be renting/buying a jackhammer to do this). Wish me Luck!
  2. Refurbish the ensuite bathroom. This will require removing and replacing the tile floor of the shower (probably the first two rows of the wall tiles too). Painting the room (after plaster repairs). Designing, having built and installing a new flyscreen on window as the old one is broken.

Dr. William (Bill) Smart - BAppSc(Hons), GradCertHE(T&L), PHD(SCU)

Lecturer in Information Technology
School of Business and Tourism
Southern Cross University (SCU)
Gold Coast Campus - Southern Cross Drive, Bilinga QLD 4225, Australia

Tel: 61+ 7 5589 3121
Mobile: 61+ 4 4892 4574
Email: bill.smart@scu.edu.au